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Wednesday, April 10, 2024

NEET Biology Previous year MCQ Bank With Answer Key - 10

181. Archegoniophore is present in:

(1) Adiantum

(2) Marchantia

(3) Funaria

(4) Chara


182. Which one of the following organisms is not an example of eukaryotic cells?

(1) Euglena viridis

(2) Paramecium caudatum

(3) Amoeba proteus

(4) Escherichia coli


183. Ethanol is commercially produced through a particular species of:

(1) Trichoderma

(2) Saccharomyces

(3) Aspergillus

(4) Clostridium


184. Which one of the following is not a biofertilizer?

(1) Nostoc

(2) Agrobacterium

(3) Mycorrhiza

(4) Rhizobium


185. Virus envelope is known as:

(1) Nucleoprotein

(2) Capsid

(3) Core

(4) Virion


186. Which one of the following pairs is wrongly matched while the remaining three are correct?

(1) Bryophyllum - Leaf buds

(2) Penicillium - Conidia

(3) Agave - Bulbils

(4) Water hyacinth - Runner


187. Organisms called methanogens are most abundant in a:

(1) polluted stream

(2) sulphur rock

(3) hot spring

(4) cattle yard


188. The gametophyte is not an independent, free living generation in:

(1) Marchantia

(2) Polytrichum

(3) Pinus

(4) Adiantum


189. Compared with the gametophytes of the bryophytes the gametophytes of vascular plant are

(1) larger and have larger sex organs

(2) smaller but have larger sex organs

(3) smaller and have smaller sex organs

(4) larger but have smaller sex organs


190. In eubacteria, a cellular component that resembles eukaryotic cells is:

(1) ribosomes

(2) plasma membrane

(3) cell wall

(4) nucleus


191. The cyanobacteria are also referred to as

(1) Slime moulds

(2) protists

(3) blue green algae

(4) golden algae


192. The most abundant prokaryotes helpful to humans in making curd from milk and in production of antibiotics are the ones categorised as:

(1) Chemosynthetic autotrophs

(2) Cyanobacteria

(3) Heterotrophic bacteria

(4) Archaebacteria


193. How many among Aedes, Limulus, Pheretima, Ancylostoma, and Antedon possess true coelom, segmentation, and a closed circulatory system?

(1) One

(2) Two

(3) Three

(4) Four


Q194. Selaginella and Salvinia are considered to represent a significant step toward evolution of seed habit because:

(1) megaspores possess endosperm and embryo surrounded by seed coat

(2) female gametophyte is free and gets dispersed like seeds

(3) embryo develops in female gametophyte which is retained on parent sporophyte.

(4) female gametophyte lacks archaegonia


195. Consider the following four statements whether they are correct or wrong?

(A) The sporophyte in liverworts is more elaborate than that in mosses

(B) Salvinia is heterosporous

(C) The life cycle in all seed-bearing plants is diplontic

(D) In Pinus male and female cones are borne on different trees


(1) Statements (B) and (C)

(2) Statements (A) and (C)

(3) Statements (A) and (B)

(4) Statements (A) and (D)


196. Which one of the following sets of items in the options 1 – 4 are correctly categorized with one exception in it? ItemsCategory- Exception

(1) Plasmodium, Cuscuta, Trypanosoma -Protozoan parasites- Cuscuta

(2) UAA, UAG, UGA -Stop codons -UAG

(3) Typhoid, Pneumonia, Diphtheria -Bacterial diseases -Diphtheria

(4) Kangaroo, Koala, Wombat -Australian marsupials -Wombat


197. In the five-kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in

(1) plantae

(2) protista

(3) monera

(4) algae


198. How many organisms in the list given below are autotrophs?

Lactobacillus, Nostoc, Chara, Nitrosomonas, Nitrobacter, Streptomyces, Saccharomyces, Trypanosomes, Porphyra, Wolffia

(1) Six

(2) Four

(3) Three

(4) Five


199. Which one single organism or the pair of organisms is correctly assigned to its taxonomic group

(1) Yeast used in making bread and beer is a fungus

(2) Paramoecium and Plasmodium belong to the same kingdom as that of Penicillium

(3) Nostoc and Anabaena are examples of protista

(4) Lichen is a composite organism formed from the symbiotic association of an algae and a protozoan


200. Which statement is wrong for viruses

(1) They have ability to synthesize nucleic acids and proteins

(2) All are parasites

(3) Antibiotics have no effect on them

(4) All of them have helical symmetry

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